Available Tree Species
Quercus palustris. Pin Oak grows in moist soils, in floodplain woods, along streams, and the edges of swamps and ponds. The trunk is straight and crown is narrowly rounded or oblong. The distinguishing features include drooping lower branches and small acorns. Height: 60’-75’ Zones: 4-8
Diospyros virginiana. Persimmon is common in dry woods, rich bottomlands, edge of fields, and fencerows. Trunk diameter up to 2’, crown broad and rounded or flattened. Persimmon fruits are fleshy, spherical and green until when they are ripe then color changes or yellow-orange to orange. The fruit is very valuable to wildlife. The wood is heavy, hard and the heartwood is nearly black. Height: 50’-60’ Zones: 4-9
Juglans nigra. Black Walnut is native tree of bottomlands, open fields and pastures. The trunk is straight and crown broadly rounded. Black walnut is known for its high quality wood and fast growth. The wood is hard heavy and dark brown. It is utilized in furniture making and veneer. The fruit is enjoyed by wildlife and humans. Height: Up to 100’ Zones: 4-8
Taxodium distichum. Bald Cypress is known for being a deciduous conifer and its feathery appearance of its needle-like leaves. Its preferred growing site includes swamps and low, wet wooded areas. A defining feature of Bald Cypress is the pneumatophores or “knees” that it produces. Height: 70’-80’ Zones: 5-9
Carya illinoinensis. Pecan is native to the rich, moist soils of the bottomlands of the Mississippi Valley along rivers and streams. Tall straight trucks with crowns widely spreading and rounded. The wood is hard, heavy, and a light reddish brown.The fruit is a sweet, edible nuts of Pecan are favored by wildlife and people in wetlands.Height: Up to 100’ Zone: 5-9
Quercus lyrata. Overcup Oak is tolerant to flooding in moist bottomlands and swamps. The trunk is straight and crown rounded to oblong. The wood is hard, heavy, strong and dark brown. The acorn is distinguished by the nut being nearly enclosed by the cap. Height: 60’-80’ Zones: 5-9
Northern Red Oak.
Quercus rubra. Northern Red Oak grows on rich upland woods, along river banks and on well drained slopes. The trunk is straight and crown broadly rounded with large spreading branches. It is fast-growing with hard, heavy, close-grained, and light brown. The leaves get bright red in the fall. Height: 60’-80’ Zones: 4-8
Swamp White Oak.
Quercus bicolor. Swamp White Oak is a large tree that thrives in bottomland and wetland forests but can grow in uplands. The crown is rounded and broad. The leaves are coarsely round-toothed and soft white hairs on the lower surface. Wood is hard, heavy, strong and pale brown. Height: 60’-70’ Zones: 4-8
Quercus alba. White Oak is large tree that graces wood lots from moist woods, wooded slopes, and dry woods. A dominant tree in many woodlots across the Midwest, trunk is short and relatively thick, crown is very broad with stiff, horizontal branches. Acorns are valued by wildlife. Height: 75’-100’ Zones: 5-8
Swamp Chestnut Oak.
Quercus michauxii. Swamp Chestnut Oak naturally occurs in low bottomlands and can survive long term flood events. It is fast growing, crown rounded and is distinguished by densely hairy, whitish lower leafed surfaces and its short stalked acorns. The acorns are sweet and enjoyed by wildlife. Height: 60’-80’ Zones: 4-8
Quercus macrocarpa. Bur Oak grows on dry ridges to moist bottomlands. Large tree that has a straight trunk, rounded crown and sometimes slightly buttressed at the base. The wood is heavy, hard, durable and brown. The acorn and leaves are the largest of all the oaks. Height: Up to 100’ Zones: 3-8